Wednesday, 1 October 2014

Climate Change And The Effect On Farming In Developing Countries

We are all of the age where we have noticed climate change over the past few years and in europe we have been responsible for using too many greenhouse gases, So now is the time to sort things out and repair the damage we have done. As i write this it is a really hot october night and this is certainly down to climate change, but for some people, it is too hot and they don't get enough rain to support their farming life.

Some causes of Climate change are the conversion of forests to farms and other uses,excessive Greenhouse gases which then trap heat in the earth's atmosphere, causing a cascade of negative impacts on peoples lives and living. While clearing forests and land to build farms seems to be a good idea in the short term, the long term effects of deforestation on communities like Santa Lucia Teotepec is devastating. The forests absorb carbon dioxide and stabalize the microclimate as well as providing fresh water, clean air and wildlife habitat. It also provides fuel, food, medicine, precious green space and wood products. Deforestation is devastating for the people and animals that rely directly the natural environment to feel, heal and shelter their families.

Climate change is sadly a reality for Leandro Salinas, a coffee farmer in the heavily deforested coastal region of Oaxaca, Mexico. “We feel the heat,” he says. “It doesn’t rain like it used to.” Shorter rainy seasons, increasingly extreme storms and spikes in pest and disease outbreaks—these are the realities on the ground for Salinas’ community, as they are for coffee farmers in many regions around the world. Like his neighbors in Santa LucĂ­a Teotepec, Salinas is an indigenous Chatino smallholder farmer who relies on coffee cultivation as his primary income source. Global warming poses serious threats not only to the region’s coffee plants, but also to the economic and social fabric of his community.

The main reason for tropical deforestation is agricultural expansion. Without the finances to keep forests standing, individuals, communities and even local governments are more likely to convert their biodiversity-rich forests to farmland. And as the global population grows and people’s need for food, medicine, building materials and other forest products increases, pressures on the world’s forests increase as a result. This is where the Rainforest Alliance have stepped in by providing communities, businesses and governments with financially viable alternatives to deforestation.And helping them to adapt to those climactic changes that are already occurring. They help to curb and mitigate the very serious effects of climate change. The Rainforest Alliance works with farmers, forest managers, tourism businesses, NGOs, scientists and governments to encourage the environmentally responsible management of farms, forests and other natural resources, while also ensuring that the social and economic needs of communities are being met. Their multifaceted approach includes several large-scale collaborative climate projects as well as a range of other initiatives.

  • They promote Climate-Smart Farming by conserving tree's and getting farmers to plant more tree's to encourage carbon storage, they are managing water use and improving soil conservation
  • They are encouraging Responsible Forest Management by working with communities and forest businesses to help them to manage their forest resources responsibly.
  • They are helping by reducing Tourism’s Carbon Footprint, by providing guidance to operators and destinations on low-emissions tourism strategies to help them become more sustainable, reduce their emissions and support local and climate-smart suppliers.
  • They are helping to improve livelihoods for local people. The Rainforest Alliance is working with forest communities to establish carbon projects that teach community members how to increase carbon storage—through the restoration of degraded forestland, for example—and measure the results of their efforts. These projects also have the potential to earn money through the sale of carbon credits, providing valuable supplemental income for communities that depend on forests for their survival.
  • They engage businesses by getting communities, businesses and governments to take an active role in combat against climate change. The Rainforest Alliance provides guidance and support for companies that want to reduce emissions throughout their operations, source raw materials from climate-smart suppliers, invest in credible carbon projects and/or develop their own projects.
  • They help to shape Climate policies at global, national and regional levels. They ensure
    that the voices and rights of local communities are heard and respected. We provide governments with our guidance and expertise, and we encourage the adoption of climate policies and programs, that address the causes of deforestation and reward forest conservation, reforestation and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions
You can help this work to be carried out by donating Here now, by buying products with the Rainforest Alliance Green frog logo and you can follow them on Facebook and Twitter

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